Costa Rica, which means "rich coast," is a multilingual, multiethnic and multicultural country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Caribbean Sea to the east. It boasts a tropical climate year round, though various microclimates also exist because the varying terrain, elevation, waterfall and geography of the country's different regions. While the country has only about 0.25% of the world's landmass, it contains 5% of the world's biodiversity, much of it housed in the Corcovado National Park, the Tortuguero National Park, and the Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve. Gorgeous beaches, abundant greenery, and a variety of dance, art, and cusine are all part of the Costa Rican way of life known locally as "pura vida."
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